Female genital cosmetic surgery is a term used in the media and increasingly in medical literature, to refer to elective and medically unnecessary alterations to the internal or external female genitalia.
Surgeries may often be performed for a combination of medical and cosmetic reasons, and in many cases similar techniques are used regardless of whether the procedure is for aesthetic or medical reasons but when a procedure is primarily being requested for a reason other than a diagnosable medical condition, it usually gets referred to as cosmetic genital surgery.
The two most common cosmetic surgical procedures are vaginoplasty or vaginal rejuvenation which are designed to 'tighten' the vaginal canal and procedures called labiaplasty that change the external appearance of the vulva, usually reducing the size of the inner lips (labia minora).
Both kinds of procedures are usually performed using local anesthetic on an outpatient basis. Many different terms (often trademarked by surgeons) are used to describe the techniques used to perform these surgeries, although the term 'designer vaginas' seems to be generally loved by the media and huckster plastic surgeons alike.
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